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Reducing nosocomial infections and spread of antimicrobial resistance in intensive care units in low/middle income settings: implementing effective infection control

Marcel E. Durieux MD, PhD, Emeritus Professor, Anesthesiology
Co-Investigator: Gregory R. Madden MD, Fellow in Infectious Disease Medicine, University of Virginia
Collaborator: Jean Paul Mvukiyehe MD, School of Medicine, University of Rwanda
Collaborator: Paulin Banguti MD, Chair Departments of Anesthesiology and Emergency Medicine, University of Rwanda

Nosocomial intensive care unit (ICU) infections have major impact on morbidity and mortality in low/middle-income countries (LMICs). In high-income countries (HIC), training personnel in basic infection prevention and control practices successfully reduces ICU-acquired infections, such as catheter-associated bloodstream infections. We hypothesize that ICU infections and associated adverse outcomes can be reduced in LMICs using similar interventions. We will investigate the feasibility of implementing a comprehensive ICU infection control training bundle and its effects on provider behavior at a representative LMIC ICU in Kigali (Rwanda).

Grant Date/Year: 
September, 2019